Hanover County Courthouse
Site of the Parson's Cause
Patrick Henry Argues the "Parson's Cause" Case in Hanover County Courthouse
Patrick Henry Argues the "Parson's Cause" Case in Hanover County Courthouse

Hanover County was organized in 1720 and named for George I, King of England and former elector of Hanover in Germany. Seventeen years later (between 1737 and 1738), construction of the courthouse structure began and was completed in 1743. The design of its slate roof, flemish-bond brickwork, and arched porch, or loggia, echoed the Capitol and public buildings at Williamsburg. James Skelton, Hanover County sheriff in 1738, may have been the builder of the courthouse. He later served as contractor for the rebuilding of the Capitol in Williamsburg which had burned.

On July 20, 1774, the freeholders of Hanover County met at Hanover Courthouse and passed the Hanover Resolves, which were directed to Patrick Henry and John Syme, the county's representatives to Virginia's first revolutionary convention.

The Hanover Resolves declared: "We are Freemen. We have a Right to be so, and to enjoy all the privileges and Immunities of our Fellow Subjects in England; and while we retain a just sense of that freedom, and those rights and privileges necessary for its safety and security, we shall never give up the right of Taxation. Let it suffice to say, once for all, we will never be taxed but by our own Representatives."

The Hanover Resolves also called for a meeting of a general congress of deputies from all of the colonies. They also declared that "the African Trade for Slaves we consider as most dangerous to Virtue, and the Welfare of this country. We therefore most earnestly wish to see it totally discouraged."

7497 County Complex Road
Hanover, VA 23069
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